Tuberculosis is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. In 2015, 10.4 million were diagnosed with tuberculosis and an estimated 1.8 million died from the disease. Over 95% of TB cases occur in low- and middle-income countries and it is estimated that one-third of the world's population has latent TB - individuals infected by TB bacteria but are not yet ill with the disease and cannot transmit the disease yet.

Individuals with compromised immune systems, such as those with HIV, malnutrition or diabetes, have a higher risk of falling ill due to TB – they are 20 to 30 times more likely to develop active TB. At least one-third of those living with HIV in 2015 are infected with TB bacteria and this speeds each other's progress. 0.4 million people died of HIV-associated TB in 2015.

FIGURES FROM 2015 only

Rates of incidence of TB only

Malaysia: 79.8 per 100,000
Singapore: 36.1 per 100,000

Rates of death from TB only

Malaysia: 7.9 per 100,000
Singapore: 1.2 per 100,000

Rates of incidence of Drug-resistant TB (including rifampicin and isoniazid)

Malaysia: 1.7 per 100,000
Singapore: 0.61 per 100,000

Rates of incidence of HIV-TB infections

Malaysia: 4.8 per 100,000
Singapore: 0.81 per 100,000

Rates of death from HIV-TB infections

Malaysia: 0.77 per 100,000
Singapore: 0.11 per 100,000

National budget of TB

Malaysia: US$15 million
Singapore: US$11 million

Eliminating TB requires a comprehensive approach, through vigilant surveillance, better diagnostics and treatments, testing and treatments of high-risk populations, and spreading awareness through proper education of healthcare providers. MIMS

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