Alarmed over the progression of kidney diseases to End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) in the country, Filipinos have been urged to routinely undergo three important tests annually - blood pressure measurement, urinalysis and fasting blood sugar.

Health Secretary Paulyn Ubial underscored the importance of undergoing the tests for early detection of ESRD. She made the declaration during the launch of a major organ donation drive – kidneys in particular - at the National Kidney and Transplant Institute (NKTI).

“We hope that all Filipinos will undergo annual check-up tests, namely urinalysis, BP measurement and FBS,” Secretary Ubial said.

Urinalysis examines the composition of urine, particularly significant changes in the levels of Blood Urea Nitrogen and creatinine. Meanwhile, monitoring the blood pressure is to prevent damage tot he blood vessels in the kidney and the Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) results are an indication for diabetes.

Hypertension and diabetes are the two main risk factors for Filipinos in terms of ESRD.

More Filipinos are being diagnosed with renal diseases. The 2015 Philippine Renal Disease Registry indicated that there were 18,603 new patients which started dialysis that year, yet only 475 Filipinos received kidney transplant.

With ESRD, dialysis sessions and kidney transplant are the only two viable treatments, with kidney transplant as the best option. Still, prevention is to key to avoid the disease altogether.

June is the National Kidney Month, and its theme revolves on prevention such as adoption of healthy lives.

Secretary Ubial emphasized that, “prevention is [a] living healthy lifestyle, doing exercise and ensuring you get a check-up [on] urinalysis, BP and FBS.”

Children, aside from adults, should also adopt preventive measures such going out and engaging in physical activities as diabetes and HPN can develop as early as their age.

Adults should refrain from abusive lifestyle. Symptoms typically manifest during adulthood – to the point that the diseases is already irreversible. MIMS

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