Here’s a closer look at the timeline of the disease which originates from the Italian word mala aria, meaning “bad air”.

Malaria in Singapore and Malaysia

1805 – First cases of malaria were reported in British colony on Penang island, though there were likely earlier, unrecorded infections.

1901 – The earliest malaria programme in the country started in Federated States of Malaya (West Malaysia) by British colonial administration.

1911 – The Malaria Advisory Board was established to guide government on control strategies and implementing malaria control projects

1960s – Singapore was plagued by various diseases including tuberculosis, cholera, typhoid and malaria

1964 – The Destruction of Disease-Bearing Insects Act in Singapore as an effort to rid of malaria-carrying mosquitoes

1967 – 1981 Malaysia started a campaign to eliminate malaria, twelve years after the Global Malaria Eradiaction Programme by the WHO. The programme did not eliminate incidences, but led to a decline in cases.

1982 – Singapore declared by the World Health Organisation as malaria-free

2011 – The National Strategic Plan for the Elimination of Malaria (2011 – 2020) was formulated by the Malaysian Health Ministry with target to eliminate locally acquired human-only malaria by 2020.


Unravelling the 4,000 year history of malaria

Share this infographic on your site


Read more:
The battle to eradicate malaria continues
Outbreak of malaria detected in Orang Asli settlement in Perak
The Healthcare Millennium Development Goals: How well has Malaysia performed?
Breaking down the Global Burden of Disease report

Sources:
http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/about/history/
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1907/
http://www.healthxchange.com.sg/healthyliving/SpecialFocus/Pages/Malaria-Symptoms-and-Treatment.aspx
http://globalhealthsciences.ucsf.edu/sites/default/files/content/ghg/mei-progress-towards-malaria-elimination-malaysia.pdf